Have you ever heard of vertical farms? Created with large urban centers in mind, the practice has been considered the future of agriculture for the next generations, since it uses automation with the least possible environmental impact. They are spaces where food production takes place in an environment protected from sunlight, rain, wind and away from the ground.. As if it were a laboratory in an urban center. The magic happens thanks to the lighting made by blue, red and white led lamps, which together, leave the place with a shade of pink replacing the sunlight.
A survey by British MarketsandMarkets pointed out that by 2026, vertical farms are expected to triple their market, jumping from US＄3.31 billion in 2021 to US＄9.7 billion in the next five years. The report “Indoor Farming Market Size, Share & Trend Analysis”, conducted by Indian Grand View Research, extended the timeframe of the analysis and projected that by 2028, the global vertical farming market will reach US＄17.6 billion.
The institutions that carried out the research also explained that the growth of this sector was due to the increase in population, mainly in countries like China and India. In this way, the need for new planting methods that provide, among other resources, food for the population grows, and alternatives are sought that use less renewable ways, but that meet this demand.
In addition, Assunta Lisieux, manager of the LED lighting line (ONNO) at Varixx, a manufacturer of power electronics equipment and systems, added that the pandemic also had an impact on this sector, as people ended up worrying more about having food. healthy and its effects, such as immunity, therefore opting for organic products. And as vertical farms are grown in clean environments, designed to be more practical, they have become a viable option for this audience.
In general, vertical farms can have different models and shapes, but the most common are those based on constructions, that is, inside buildings, sheds or roofs, as they present the possibility of being scalable.
From this practice, products can be produced by hydroponics (when plants have only water contact through the root) or aeroponics (with plants suspended and fed by sprinklers). In both cases, the rooms are closed, acclimatized, according to the needs of the plant being cultivated, and controlled by an interconnected system.
“Another important point is that in this model of agriculture there is no type of crop protector, chemical or biological, but it has lights, which are usually LED and colored, because when combined they give the plants the energy needed to carry out photosynthesis. “, says Assunta.